Orthodontics is that area of dentistry specialising in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental and facial irregularities to help correctly align teeth, bites and jaws, including straightening crooked teeth.
Specialist orthodontists complete an additional 3 years of full time university training in facial growth and development and biomechanics, on top of their general dental degree and limit their practice to only orthodontic treatment.
Orthodontics not only involves correction of crooked teeth and bad bites, but also missing teeth, speech, breathing or cleaning difficulties and also jaw irregularities.
Contemporary orthodontic treatments are designed to be as unobtrusive and comfortable as possible. While braces are still an extremely effective way of straightening teeth and achieving a great smile, modern orthodontic treatment options now include colours, clear braces and clear aligners.